delimitation of constituencies
Determining the boundaries of electoral areas is important for democracy. The constitution states that each state gets seats in Lok Sabha in proportion to its population. In 1976, the Constitution withheld delimitation according to the 1971 Census to address concerns of states that had controlled their own population and could lose seats in the Lok Sabha. Consequently, the allocation of seats depends on the 1971 census, irrespective of the current population figures. At present, one Lok Sabha MP in UP represents around 25 lakh voters, while one MP from Kerala represents 17 lakh. Going forward, the delimitation should address the concerns of both the states as well as the individual voters.
centralization of government power
In 1982, Haryana The governor, Congressman GD Taapsee overlooked the Lok Dal-BJP alliance, which had won the maximum number of seats in the assembly elections and was invited. Congress to form the government. In 2019, when the Maharashtra Assembly elections returned a fractured mandate, RSS veteran Governor BS Koshyari was sworn in to lead the government. BJP In a quiet ceremony. Obviously, the disputes related to the governor continue. The constitution considered the office of a governor with strong ties to the centre, exercising some degree of choice in important matters. Instead of serving as an intergovernmental bridge, the governor is exercising that option to destroy federalism and destabilize state politics.
Matters pending before Constitution Bench
Basically, the right to privacy, and the validity of triple talaq and the state-imposed entry tax, have little in common. However, all these issues involved an important question relating to the interpretation of the Constitution, and under Article 145(3), had to be decided by a bench of five or more judges of the Supreme Court. Several important issues that could affect the lives of citizens, such as the cultural rights status of Jallikattu, and reservations for the economically weaker sections, are currently awaiting hearing. The oldest such case awaiting hearing by a Constitution Bench is 36 years old, and around 35 such cases are currently pending!
to work Parliament
On July 22, 2008, during the trust vote faced by the UPA government, three BJP MPs waved notes in the Lok Sabha and alleged bribery to vote in favor of the government. This incident includes everything derogatory to the Parliament even today. Its productivity remains hampered by disruptions, and laws are passed without substantial debate. In 2020, agriculture bills were passed through voice vote bypassing opposition and debate and in gross violation of the rules of parliamentary procedure. Instead of holding the government of the time accountable for its actions, the Indian Parliament is now merely a symbol of political grandeur.
Equality, reservation and non-discrimination
Reservation in both education and employment has been a troubling issue. The need for reservation was debated by the framers of the Constitution and its benefits were extended to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Socially Backward Classes in various areas. The expansion of reservation in government employment to OBCs in the 1990s sparked nationwide protests, and in 1992 the Supreme Court capped the total permissible reservation at 50%. Now, the extension of 10% reservation in public services and educational institutions to economically weaker sections has generated controversy for using only economic criteria to provide reservation benefits. It demands an analysis of the logic behind reservation – distributive justice or undoing of social oppression.