While he refused to capitalize on his reputation as the man behind the tricolour, Venkayya’s pride in his creation did not subside until his death on July 4, 1963. His last wish was that his body should be wrapped in the tricolor till the burial ground. , Then he wanted the flag to be tied to a tree till his last rites were completed.
grew up in the countryside Andra PradeshFreedom and Gandhian non-violence were the last things on young Venkayya’s mind. He was attracted to the armed forces, and joined the British Indian Army at the age of 19. He participated in the Boer War in South Africa, where he first met. Mahatma Gandhi,
The AICC session in 1906 in the then Calcutta under the leadership of Dadabhai Naoroji inspired Venkaiah to design a flag for the Indian National Congress. He strongly opposed the hoisting of the British flag in Congress meetings.
Venkaiah worked hard on designing the flag and published a book, ‘Bharat Deshniki Oka Jatiya Patakam’ (National Flag for India) in 1916. He also published 30 draft designs of the flag, explaining their importance and connection with Indian culture and heritage.
The Congress meeting at Victoria Hall in the then Bezwada (Vijayawada) on March 31, 1921, became the site of acceptance of the draft design of the Congress flag, the forerunner of the tricolour.
Gandhi asked Venkayya to submit a design to the Bezwada AICC session, which he did within three hours. Gandhi introduced the flag and Venkayya to the lakhs of people attending the public meeting Swaraj Maidan (Andhra Gymkhana Ground in Vijayawada) on April 1, 1921. But for all the respect given to him, he lived in poverty after independence and died in abject poverty.
his son Chalapati RaoHe died after facing difficulty in getting Venkayya treated. Even the hut in Chittanagar where he lived stood on a plot received as a token of appreciation for his service in the army. Venkaiah did not have even a single rupee at the time of his death.