New Delhi: Climate change heated up heatwave It was 10 times more likely to hit the entire United Kingdom last week, according to an analysis by an international team of leading climate scientists.
On July 18-19, an extraordinary heatwave affected large parts of the UK. This was the first time that temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius and above were felt in the country.
A band spanning from Kent to North Yorkshire had a total of 46 stations, or exceeded the previous record. Scotland recorded its maximum temperature above 35 °C for the first time, breaking the previous record of 32.9 °C on 9 August 2003.
Twenty-one scientists, who are part of the World Weather Attribution Group, analyzed weather data and computer simulations to compare today’s climate with the past. They found that the frequency and magnitude of such events increased man-made climate change,
record breaking heatwave in india Scientists at the World Weather Attribution Network said in May that Pakistan, which has caused widespread human suffering and affected global wheat supplies, was nearly 30 times more likely to be affected by climate change.
India saw its warmest March this year since its weather bureau began keeping records 122 years ago amid a rain deficit of 71 per cent. April was the warmest in Northwest and Central India since 1901.
Several places in the country recorded their all-time high temperatures for April as the mercury touched 46-47 degrees Celsius under the influence of a penultimate heatwave at the end of the month.
India recorded 203 heatwave days this summer, the highest in recent days, according to data shared by the government in the Lok Sabha on Wednesday.
The country had recorded just 36 heatwave days in 2021.
However, the new study said it proved difficult to determine the exact contribution of climate change, as extreme heat in Western Europe has increased more than climate models predicted.
Historical weather records indicate that the world would have been four degrees Celsius lower had it not been warmed by human activity.
This suggests that models are underestimating the true impact of human-caused climate change on higher temperatures in the UK and other parts of Western Europe, the study said.
It also means that the results of the analysis are conservative and that climate change likely increased the frequency of occurrence by more than a factor of 10, the scientists said.
“In Europe and other parts of the world we are seeing more and more record breaking heat waves causes extreme temperatures that have warmed faster than most climate models.
“This is a worrying finding that suggests that if carbon emissions are not sharply cut, the consequences of climate change on extreme heat in Europe, which are already extremely deadly, could be worse than we thought. said Friedrich Otto, Senior Lecturer in Climate Science at the Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London.
“Two years ago, scientists at the UK Met Office found that the chance of seeing 40 degrees in the UK was now 1 in 100 in any given year, up from 1 in 1000 in natural climates. It is very sad to see such an event happen. Soon after that study, to look back at the raw data from our weather stations,” said Fraser Lott, a climate monitoring and attribution scientist at the Met Office Hadley Center.
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