An important event that was taking place in the midst of Partition was the preparation of India’s first electoral roll. The electoral roll, to include the names of all adult men and women without any qualifications, was being prepared by the Constituent Assembly Secretariat under the guidance of Constitutional Adviser BN Rao. In March 1950, this task was entrusted to the first Chief Election Commissioner of India, Sukumar Sen. With roll preparation and earlier operations in 1949. Lok Sabha In the 1952 elections, parliamentary democracy based on universal adult suffrage was brought to life in India.
The 1970s and 1980s saw a constant tussle between the Center and the opposition-ruled states. In 1977, the Janata Party at the Center dissolved seven assemblies in the states ruled by? Congress, which set the score in 1980 by dismissing governments in several Janata Party-ruled states. This continued until the late 1980s, when SR BommaiFormer Chief Minister of Karnataka, questioned before Supreme court The scope of the President’s power to declare emergency in a State under Article 356. Upholding the federal credentials of the Constitution, court It was unanimously decided that Article 356 can be invoked only in the event of a complete breakdown of the constitutional machinery in a state. Since then, arbitrary dismissals of state legislatures by the Center have occurred sporadically.
separation of powers
A 1975 judgment of the Allahabad High Court went down in the annals of history to prompt the imposition of emergency. After all, it is not every day that a high court annuls the election of an incumbent prime minister on the grounds of electoral malpractice. Indira
Gandhi’s election from Rae Bareli was canceled and he was barred from holding an elected office for six years. The judiciary kept a watchful eye on the government, upholding the principle of separation of powers and, in particular, its independence. The purpose of separation of powers between the government organs, so that they keep each other in check, was accomplished.
Every year in September-October, Delhi celebrates the Phoolwal’s Walk, which includes processions involving a temple as well as flower-spraying processions at the tomb of a Sufi saint. It sees equal participation of Hindus and Muslims and reinforces faith in the Constitution’s promise of a secular state. Given the deep religiosity of Indians, secularism in India does not strictly separate state and religion. The constitution recognizes the right of individuals and communities to practice any religion, while also enabling state intervention to reform oppressive religious customs. After all, the plank on which Indian secularism rests is ‘Sarvadharma Sambhav’ – equal respect for all religions.
Fraternity is the pillar on which the institution of democracy rests. The framers were mindful of India’s cross-cutting diversity along religious, linguistic and caste-based lines, and adopted a constitution representative of diverse interests. On 21 February 1948, Dr BR Ambedkar, while presenting the draft of the Constitution to the Constituent Assembly, indicated the inclusion of ‘fraternity’ in the Preamble, because without fraternity, liberty and equality could not come into its own. The fraternity eventually made its way into the preamble and within Indian society as well. With seven major religions, 22 constitutionally recognized languages and thousands of dialects, India is the true embodiment of pluralism.