Parakram Diwas 2023 is celebrated as the birthday of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Parakram Diwas 2023:
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti or Netaji Jayanti is a national event celebrated in India on 23 January as Parakram Divas, marking the birthday of prominent Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. This year the nation celebrates the 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. For the first time, Jayanti was celebrated as Parakram Diwas in 2021 to mark Netaji’s 124th birthday. In West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura and Assam, it is a recognized holiday. On this day the Government of India honors Netaji.
Significance of Parakram Diwas:
The purpose of this holiday is to remember and honor Netaji’s immense devotion to the nation and his indomitable spirit. He was instrumental in the cause of Indian independence. Netaji was a prominent nationalist, politician and freedom fighter. The day is designated to inspire Indians, especially the youth, to admire his strength, perseverance, selflessness and patriotic fervor in spite of oppression. He supervised the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj). He was the founder-leader of the Azad Hind government.
About Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Netaji’ was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha. He graduated in philosophy and was later selected for the Indian Civil Service. He refused to join as he did not want to serve the British government.
Later, in 1919, he went to England to complete the Indian Civil Service (ICS), finishing fourth in his class with the highest English score. He did not want to work in the British government, so he resigned in 1921 and returned to India.
Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, who later served as his political mentor, encouraged Netaji to join the Indian National Congress (INC) when he returned to India. Netaji joined the Indian National Congress in 1921.
He considered Swami Vivekananda as his spiritual master and was greatly influenced by his ideas. Bose was elected president of the All India Youth Congress in 1923 and later served as its president in 1938 and 1939.
Bose was an excellent student and a true Indian nationalist. From the Scottish Church College, part of the University of Calcutta, Netaji Bose received his B.A. In philosophy.
During World War II, in Southeast Asia, Netaji led a 5,000-strong force called the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) under the slogan ‘Delhi Salo’ to garner popular support in his home state of Bengal. He also founded a new political party.
According to government reports, on August 18, 1945, Netaji suffered third-degree burns in a plane crash near Tohuku, Japanese Taiwan. Although authorities declared him dead in 2017, there are still many rumors about his whereabouts.